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by David Silva | | | 0 Comments


Swimming is a sport that helps to maintain good shape and has many health benefits. Swimming also improves mood, reduces anxiety and burns more calories. In addition, it’s also good for people with arthritis and other pain conditions. But, in order to be an excellent swimmer, you have to keep in mind some basic rules. Let’s find out what that rules are!

To swim properly, you need to combine the whole body. Focus on the leg and arm movement as well as control your breathing. To master swimming skills, you need to start with the following basic skills.


This is a basic skill that is often overlooked but it is very important. If you are uncomfortable breathing, you will not be able to swim well.

You need to breathe out through both your nose and mouth while your head is underwater. Then, lift your head to the side and take a full breath before you face down.


Learn to float before swimming. Floating will help you get used to moving through the water properly.

Floating will keep your body on the water surface, in a horizontal position. The floating posture is very important because when you accidentally fall into the water, you will be able to float on the surface until you are rescued.


When swimming, all body parts should be well coordinated. You must be able to move the muscles of your lower back, abdomen, and hips synchronously in order to continue moving forward.

The arm should be moved and cut through the water, then the elbow and body will pass through the water.


This is another important skill to learn if you want to master swimming. It will help push the body to move forward.

You can often see swim coaches behind the swimmer to help push them forward.


Once you know how to connect and kick your feet, you need to do arm movements to help pull your body through the water.

And there are 04 main strokes that you can choose one to be your most skillful stroke. But you have to master swimming techniques, especially for swimming competitions.


The swimmer must remain on the breast at all times with synchronized arm and leg movements. Arms must recover clear of the water and enter the water together In front of the swimmer. Legs must remain together throughout the stroke and only vertical motion is permitted. Any separation of the legs or horizontal movement is considered illegal and thus subjects the swimmer to disqualification.

At the start of a race, swimmers dive in and are permitted as many fly legs kick as they want, subject to the head breaking the surface of the pool before the 15m point. At the turns and at the end of the race, swimmers must touch the pool wall or timing pad with both hands simultaneously.


Here arms and legs follow a circular motion and must remain synchronous at all times. Swimmers must remain on the breast at all times and must stay flat in the water. If the body twists slightly, this will throw the legs off of a horizontal plane, resulting in what is termed a screw kick, resulting in a disqualification. At turns and the finish, a touch must be made with both hands, at the same time.


Swimmers must remain on their back at all times, except for when performing a turn. Here the swimmer may turn to their breast and initiate a turn immediately, leaving the wall on their back. Any time spent on the breast heading towards the wall is not allowed and if spotted by the turn judge will result in disqualification.

As with butterfly stroke, swimmers must break the surface of the water before the 15m mark. At the finish, it is normal for the swimmers to duck under the water to gain an advantage. This is acceptable, providing a part of the body is above the water at the time of touching the wall.


This stroke is generally considered the fastest stroke, although for some stronger swimmers, butterfly stroke may be quicker. Freestyle is pretty much anything goes and there is nothing to prevent swimmers from performing backstroke or butterfly during a freestyle race, as long as the whole race uses the same stroke. Swimmers must touch the wall at the turns and the finish, with the most common rule infringements being not touching the wall, or coming up in the wrong lane from the turn.

One additional event for the swimmer is the individual medley event. Here four strokes have swum in order, butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke and freestyle. Each stroke will be swum for 25% of the race with the freestyle stroke being anything that hasn’t already been swum. At the end of each stroke, it is important to perform the finish for that stroke, so for instance at the end of the butterfly stroke, a two-handed touch must be made before starting the backstroke. A common error is to perform a tumble turn between strokes, thus not satisfying the finish for the stroke, resulting in a disqualification.

Above are some notes for you to become an excellent swimmer and easily achieve high rankings in competitions, as long as you have the determination and enough practice.

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