Swimming has 4 basic swimming styles: butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke, stride stroke. Due to their technical characteristics, each swimming style uses different muscle groups and exhibits different patterns of movement under water.
Capturing the “charisma” of each style of swimming will be the goal for learners to aim for the pure beauty of each style and “which way to swim”.
Stride stroke is the fastest of the four swimming styles and is also widely used by regular swimmers. Stride stroke allows swimmers to “change” more or less in the form of expression on the basis of general technical principles.
You just need to properly tilt your breath, and whether you breathe on one side or two sides is up to you. You just need to spread your arms forward right in front of your head, and it’s up to you to swing it straight or bend your elbows. You just need to beat your legs relatively straight, but the beats are up to 2 legs or 6 legs is up to you. You need to maintain a horizontal position in the water, but whether you rotate your body or not is up to you.
Of course, every change has more or less effect on the effectiveness of the movement but is generally acceptable for the average swimmer. Therefore, swimming in stride stroke is compared with office workers.
Breaststroke is the slowest of the four swimming styles and is the “grandfather” of the other swimming styles because it has its roots in the Stone Age! Breaststroke is also a type of swimming used by many people because forward breathing is easier to perform than tilting, hand drawn forwards in water is softer than drawing hands in the air, and swimmers can swim. comfortable at slow speeds.
Here, we are not talking about frog swimming at competitive level because the frog swimming at that level is a special frog swimming style that requires a lot of stamina and strength like other swimming styles. At the general swimming level, we see some women who don’t like getting their hair wet so they swim the breaststroke with a version called grandma stroke (also known as the high head breaststroke), and quite Many people swim the breaststroke very slowly, slowly with a version called the vegetative swimming style.
Therefore, breaststroke is compared with seniors, not only because of its long-standing origins as an elderly person, but also because the swimming characteristics have similarities with the old-age style.
Backstroke is the only swimming style of the 4 swimming styles that can swim in the supine position. Backstroke swimming can be considered as “upside down” style of swimming stride with hand fan and foot beat in alternating style like stride swim.
The difference of the backstroke style compared to the stride swim style is that the backstroke does not allow the swimmer to have “variation”. All movements in backstroke must follow the prescribed rules. The hard swinging arm must be straight, not allowed to swing the hand. The head to keep still is to keep it still, not back and forth. Eyes looking straight up to the sky must look straight up to the sky, not “glancing sideways, glancing vertically”. The straight leg is to hit straight, not allowed to pull the knee out of the water.
Therefore, backstroke was compared to a model.
Butterfly stroke is the most “majestic” of the four swimming styles and also the most difficult to practice. Butterfly stroke is difficult due to the unusual body wave bending movement for ordinary people! That is not to mention that the coordination of all individual movements (head, body, legs, arms) is not simple either.
It can be said that butterfly stroke is a very advanced technique and is difficult to master, even by professional swimmers. There is a little-known thing that in the beginning, butterfly stroke was the “escape” style from breaststroke, because some athletes tried to put their hands forward on the water while swimming to reduce resistance in water. With a movement that feels like “flying” on the water, butterfly stroke looks very strong and mighty.
Therefore, butterfly stroke is compared to a rocker (who plays rock or sings rock).
To achieve the “charisma” of each swimming style is not easy. You have to practice a lot. But aiming to achieve the right “charisma” of each type is the goal to strive for. Because only when you reach the “charisma” of each swimming style, can you fully feel the quintessential beauty of swimming and develop all the characteristic muscle groups of each swimming style.